Interaction of software and hardware

We live in an era of technologies. On a daily basis, dozens of people use computers for different purposes. Therefore, it would be useful to know how the computer functions! The computer is made of two important elements: hardware and software. Both elements are related to each other. Nowadays, it would be hard to imagine our life without using a computer. We work and study, listen to music and watch films, read books and search for information from computers, so it is irreplaceable in a modern society.

First, we should start with some definitions to make it clear from the very beginning. Hardware is the physical parts of the computer and software is more known as programs that help hardware to perform tasks. They are interconnected as one cannot function without another one. In order for the computer to understand data, the IT specialist should "translate" the software into the programming language because the computer reads only "algorithms", which are clear and logical instructions for performing tasks. Besides, there are two kinds of software: application and system software. The application software helps the user to do specific tasks (e.g. games, word pressing). The system software is not visible for the user because it is the processes of the computer, which make it usable ( e.g. task manager). Therefore, both hardware and software should work smoothly to provide the best user experience.

The software can be improved, if there is a need for it. There exist software upgrades, which are also apps that can be implemented in hardware for more effective performance. They can be downloaded in free access. However, some of the upgrades are costly and the replacement for them would be web applications. Such applications can run from any browser, so it does not need any upgrades. Users can access those applications from the browser.

The Internet of Things

What is " The Internet of Things"?

Nowadays, “The Internet of Things” is a very popular and increasingly growing topic in the world. The concept is new and complex. The main idea is that any of devices can connect to each other with the use of an on or off switch, which is also called "The Internet of Things" platform. All of the shared data transfers through that platform between connected devices. In the process of data transfer, people also help to create a connection between devices. For example, you are in a hurry for a very important meeting but gets into a traffic jam. Your car navigator in the phone reacts immediately to the situation and sends a message to people that wait for you at the meeting. It is a perfect scenario, isn't it?

How does it work?

In fact, "The Internet of Things" gets more discussions around the concept than it is actually applied for daily use. But this is just a matter of time. Some companies already work on the implementation of "The Internet of Things" to their businesses. In several years, people might start living a "smart" life in their "smart" houses and more than that, "smart" cities. Imagine, you are going back home from a nice time spent with your friends. You have an electronic watch on your wrist and press on the screen. Simply, your electronic watch sends a signal or notification to your house to start preparing for your come. The house immediately turns on the heating in rooms, a boiler heats the water for a warm shower and the kettle starts boiling water for tea in the kitchen. This is how a "smart" house will look like in the near future.

The same will happen to cities all over the world. The infrastructure will be improved and made better for the living conditions of citizens. For example, the number of traffic jams will decrease because people get informed quickly about it so that they know which road not to drive. This is just a small drop in the ocean of changes and improvements, which should be awaited ahead.

"The Internet of Things" in business 

"The Internet of Things" is also very important for companies, which operate in a B2B sector. If manufacturers produce their products by embedding sensors, it will help them to know whether there are any problems with products. In such a way, issues with products will be detected on an early stage and fixed accordingly. Sometimes, a problem is not exactly with a specific product, but with distribution and supply chain. This is also something that can be found out immediately with a help of sensors embedded in products. For sure, this is quite expensive to use "The Internet of Things" for a lot of businesses and consumers. However, it is a big step towards the future.




The best performing hardware of the past week - Cisco SG100D-08P-NA

EHT is happy to announce you that the best performing hardware of the previous week is Cisco Systems 8-Port-SG100D-01-NA 8 Gigabit  Switch. The product is perfect for people who work from home or have small businesses. The initial idea of creating this switch is for the usage in business networks. It is easy to use the switch for people who prefer working from home. The speed is fast and it has 16 Gbps of capacity, meaning that the data can be transferred to other users quickly. It also provides users with HDTV and VoIP phone connections.  The size of the switch is 5.51, which makes it good for putting somewhere at home. The hardware also supports 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, and 1,000 Mbps technical products.

Furthermore, the Cisco switch saves energy when the devices turn off, meaning that the hardware changes its mode. This helps to consume less energy, which is also an advantage for a potential user of the switch. The product is very comfortable for using it, offering fast speed for data transfers and a power-saving mode.

Green Technologies in Computer Sciences

We are in an era where we need to be aware of environmentally friendly green technologies. It simply means that people try to reduce harm to nature. A few examples are the production of cloths from the recycled materials, cotton packaging or rechargeable batteries. The same goes for computers and hardware. Modern PC's and laptops are made in a way to consume less power by a specific hardware inserted in them. LCD displays are one of those components, which help to improve the quality of the image and lower the use of power when working on computers. The modern society extremely uses technologies in every field of work. etc. marketing, IT, medicine. Furthermore, a big percentage of technologies are exploited in households. Almost all of the home duties are done with the help of washing machines, dishwasher, vacuum cleaners, and many others.  Such intense usage of technologies leads to the environment pollutions and a huge amount of energy wasted. The environment is polluted with dangerous chemical elements found in technologies. Therefore, researchers have started looking for options of how the danger can be minimized by society. There are found several ways of how to make our planet greener and less intoxicated by the technologies. Let's look at a few of them:

  1. As it was mentioned in the article, there are eco-friendly displays. They eliminate toxins from the materials that regular displays are made of. Dell offers a few of such displays: G2210 and G2410 LED Monitors. This is a perfect chance for tech savvies and people who care about the environment to help the planet go greener. EHT is happy to let everyone know that eco-friendly displays can be ordered from the company's official website. Go in one step with innovative offers!
  2. Bamboo keyboards. What kind of material could be better for a new eco-friendly keyboard?  This is a perfect solution for everyone. Do not miss a chance to own this keyboard be going to EHT's website and making a pre-order. Yes, the bamboo keyboards is a top-product for the last few months. Hurry up!

The trends are moving forward and we should also keep on improving our lives. Technologies occurred to be the most important part of human life and it is always good to stay tuned in this area.


Why is refurbishing Hardware Good?

We have noticed that whenever we have contact with a potential client, they are a bit hesitant in buying a "refurbished" hardware.

At the end of the day, purchasing refurbished hardware is smart. Buying used IT equipment is a lot like buying a used car. It offers the best quality at its price point. Due to multiple quality tests, refurbished equipment tends to have better performance ratings than new equipment. Used equipment is also backed by warranties, support, and maintenance plans. Furthermore, restored equipment is the best option if a business has a lean IT budget and needs to purchase quality equipment at a fair price.

Refurbished hardware offers high quality and warranties at the lowest cost. Not only will it save your business’ bottom line, it will help save the planet. Instead of quality used products wasting away in landfills, renewed equipment recycles quality hardware.

The General Data Protection Regulation GDPR (EU)

2016/679 is a regulation in EU law on data protection and privacy for all individuals within the European Union and the European Economic Area. It also addresses the export of personal data outside the EU and EEA. The GDPR aims primarily to give control to citizens and residents over their personal data and to simplify the regulatory environment for international business by unifying the regulation within the EU. Superseding the Data Protection Directive, the regulation contains provisions and requirements pertaining to the processing of personally identifiable 

information of data subjects inside the European Union. Business processes that handle personal data must be built with privacy by design and by default, meaning that personal data must be stored using pseudonymisation or full anonymization, and use the highest-possible privacy settings by default, so that the data is not available publicly without explicit consent, and cannot be used to identify a subject without additional information stored separately. No personal data may be processed unless it is done under a lawful basis specified by the regulation, or if the data controller or processor has received explicit, opt-in consent from the data's owner. The business must allow this permission to be withdrawn at any time.

A processor of personal data must clearly disclose what data is being collected and how, why it is being processed, how long it is being retained, and if it is being shared with any third-parties. Users have the right to request a portable copy of the data collected by a processor in a common format, and the right to have their data erased under certain circumstances. Public authorities, and businesses whose core activities center around regular or systematic processing of personal data, are required to employ a data protection officer (DPO), who is responsible for managing compliance with the GDPR. Businesses must report any data breaches within 72 hours if they have an adverse effect on user privacy.

It was adopted on 14 April 2016 and after a two-year transition period, becomes enforceable on 25 May 2018. Because the GDPR is a regulation ling legislation and is directly binding and applicable.


As every Tuesday, Easy Hardware Trading presents a new way to become a green company.

The topic of today is very important for us because it represents the main activity of how EHT operates and shows that the involvement of Easy Hardware Trading in the green world is very high.

The green activity that we are going to be presenting today is called refurbishment. This process involves old and obsolete hardware presenting itself as one of the best ways to recycle material, help the environment, and it represents the most efficient use of resources.

- Performance: the refurbished product will be equivalent to the new or same configuration.


The US Environmental Protection Agency wrote that “Two million tons of used electronics are discarded yearly- only 18 percent of computers and television are recycled”. The process of refurbishment consists of cleaning, testing, reconfiguring and warranting the product for further use, instead of just throw it away and waste its potential.

Companies choosing refurbished products instead of new ones will have significant benefits:

- Cost savings: a refurbished product is cheaper than a new one.

- Reliability: the product is tested to identify defects and repaired them. In this way, even if the product is not new, it will be able to perform well for several years.

- Availability: there is a high availability of refurbished products to choose from.

- Value: buying the refurbished product will not represent a loss of value.

- Environmentally friendly: buying a refurbished product will help the environment since the overall carbon footprint deriving from the production of the new product will decrease and the carbon emission will decline.

In the picture, it is shown a part of the refurbishment process at Easy Hardware Trading.

Easy Hardware Trading going green: meeting the standards of EU WEEE Directive

Easy Hardware Trading is active in the green world and the recycling services offered meet the strict standards of the EU Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive. The EU estimated that the waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) will grow to more than 12 million tonnes by 2020. One of the main reason causing this phenomenon is that the production of modern electronics requires the use of scarce and expensive resources that, if not properly managed, can cause environmental and health problems. To improve the environmental management of this mixture of potentially dangerous materials and components, treatment and recycling of electronics at the end of their life is needed.

To address these problems a legislation has been set up and divided into two main Directives: the Directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE Directive) and the Directive on the restriction of the use of certain substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS Directive).

The first WEEE Directive was founded in February 2003. The Directive created schemes where consumers return their WEEE free of charge with the aim to increase the recycling of WEEE and re-use. To fight the fast increase waste stream, in 2008 the new WEEE Directive was proposed and implemented on the 13th of August 2012 and became effective on 14 February 2014.

EU legislation restricting the use of potentially dangerous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS Directive) entered into force in February 2003. The legislation requires heavy metals (lead, mercury, cadmium, and flame retardants such as polybrominated biphenyls) to be replaced by safer alternatives. The updated RoHS Directive became effective on 3 January 2013.

In 2017 a common methodology has been established for the calculation of the weight of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) placed on the national market in each Member State and also a common methodology for the calculation of the quantity of Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) generated by weight in each Member State.

Meeting the requirements of this EU Directives is helping Easy Hardware Trading to show its green spirit to several clients. The meeting of these requirements is hardly recommended to each type of companies with the aim to reduce the electronic waste and being more environmentally friendly.


Hello, today we want to talk to you about the future. We are already living in the future without realizing it. This is all made

possible with the help of software and hardware constantly evolving.

Artificial intelligence, smart cities and robots:

Here’s how the future applications will be: self-managing and adaptive to our needs, which is the era of digital cohesion – according to the study by Juniper Networks, a company specialized in ethernet network switch. The era of self-aware machines is coming – Juniper Networks stated. The company as an expert in scalable and secure networks, has calculated the advantages of learning machine and AI, virtual reality and augmented reality. Just think about wandering around the city to watch the sky and see the routers in every corner, repeaters, cameras, HUB, SWITCH, ROUTER, all interconnected, which managing the public lightning or controlling the pressure of the sewage system. We can presume that in the near future, we will increasingly find ourselves submerged with AI and smart cities.

Self-managing application

According to Juniper Networks, we are in full Digital Cohesion, an era in which technology can self-manage, adapt to the user’s behavior and enterprise needs. Learning features are incorporated into the chips will greatly increase the intelligence of machinery. At the beginning of 2016, Juniper predicted that 80% of corporate networks have adopted a form of open networking. In the survey, 84% of professionals claim to have self-managing application within the company.

10.3 million devices connected to the cellular network

The 2016 data come from Istat shows that 69.2% of Italian households have access to the Internet at home. The year before, the percentage reached 66.2 percent. There is no reason to believe the trend would stop. Not only villas and apartments will be connected, but also domestic appliances. According to the Internet of Things Observatory of the Milan Polytechnic, the market in Italy has reached 2 billion euros and there are about 10.3 million devices connected by the cellular network.

Robots in companies

The robot will dethrone us. A McKinsey & Company study indicates that more than 5% of human workers will be replaced by computers. Employment contracts will not end up in trash: while the machines deal with repetitive tasks, the technicians will have time to devote themselves to strategic initiatives, or improving competitiveness, increase efficiency and bringing benefits to the business. In the coming years, with the automation of many basic technology activities, several frictions within the IT group will be eliminated, allowing the staff to follow other tasks.

Intrusion issues? No problem with “Intrusion Prevention Sensor”

An IPS can be considered as an intrusion prevention mechanism.

Intrusion detection and prevention systems provide us with the first line of defense against harmful intruders. We must not consider an IPS as a substitute for IDS (it is a different case if the same tool provides all the functions of both instruments). IPS and IDS provide the control and visibility required by any company to protect their infrastructure from attack and take-over.

One of the most important factors to take in consideration when using an IPS / IDS is a correct insertion into the infrastructure through distribution. Improper implementation will lead to a huge network slowdown and improper management.

The main function of an IPS is therefore to identify the harmful activities, to try to block or cease their activity, to report the activity.

The IPS, therefore, provides a valid security prevention. The IPS detects an intrusion into network traffic.

An IPS should not be confused or confused as a substitute for another network security measure, in particular: the firewall. The task of a firewall is to restrict access to a network/system and is generally unable to detect and prevent an intrusion.